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The State Administration of Cultural Heritage Releasing 5 Major Projects of "Archaeological China"

On September 24, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage held an important work meeting on the "Archaeological China" major projects in Beijing, reporting 5 important archaeological achievements. The Yuyao Jingtoushan site was on the list.

 The five new archaeological achievements are the Kangbao Xinglong site in Hebei, the Jingtoushan site in Yuyao, Zhejiang, the Taosi site in Xiangfen, Shanxi, the Shijiahe site in Tianmen, Hubei, the Shimao and Zhaishan stone city sites in Shaanxi. The archaeological research on settlement organization, beliefs and customs, animal and plant remains, unearthed relics, palace buildings, ancient city ruins, etc., fills many gaps in prehistoric archaeological China, reveals the genes of early Chinese civilization in multiple dimensions, and is of great significance to the study of the process of Chinese civilization.

 The Yuyao Jingtou Mountain Site, which dates from 7800 to 8300 years ago

, is the earliest coastal shell mound site discovered in the coastal area of China. Archaeological discoveries include food storage pits, open fire pits, living utensils processing and production areas, and abundant marine shells unearthed, fishing and hunting animal bones, pottery, wood and other artifacts, showing strong characteristics of marine culture, is a major breakthrough in China's marine cultural archaeology and marine environment research.

 Experts pointed out in their comments that the excavation of the Jingtoushan site is a major breakthrough in Chinese prehistoric archaeology and is of great value to the study of the origin of Chinese marine culture and the changes in the marine environment. At the same time, the archaeology of Jingtoushan site, based on the field excavation of deep buried cultural accumulation, has carried out active and fruitful exploration in working mode and technical route. It is a successful attempt to carry out archaeological excavation under special buried environmental conditions. The archaeological work of prehistoric sites in the facies depositional environment has important reference and enlightenment significance.

 The researcher of the Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and the archaeological leader of the Jingtoushan site said that the first stage of the excavation of the Jingtoushan site archaeological project has been completed. The work in the second half of the year is mainly to comprehensively sort out the remains unearthed in the first half of the year and publish the first briefing of the excavation.

 It is reported that in 2017, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage approved the excavation of 800 square meters of Jingtoushan site. Considering that the deepest part of Jingtoushan site is about 10 meters, and the overlying marine sediments saturated with water and silt are easy to collapse and flow, learning from the practice of using channel steel to protect underground sites with a buried depth of more than 2 meters in Japanese archaeological excavations to save cultural relics and archaeology, the Archaeology Institute of Zhejiang Province decided to pre-build the excavation pit surrounded by steel structure to ensure the smooth progress of archaeological excavations and the safety of people and cultural relics.

 The excavation of Jingtoushan site, together with the excavation of the Nanhai No. I shipwreck, and the excavation of the Zhang Xianzhong Sing Silver Site at Jiangkou, Sichuan, have become three classic examples of archaeological excavations for special objects under different environmental conditions in China, and have pioneering significance in the archaeology of prehistoric sites in the domestic coastal environment

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